WHAT YOU WILL SEE
For a truly out-of-this-world travel destination, it’s hard to match the Salar de Uyuni. One of the flattest places in the world, the 4,000-square-mile salt flats were formed by a prehistoric lake. Visitors travel in 4×4 vehicles across the expanse of the salt flats to visit locally fashioned structures made entirely from bricks of salt. The salt flats are at their most spectacular after a rain, when water sitting atop the cemented salt acts like a mirror, perfectly reflecting the sky above
The name is derived from a native language "aymara" (uyu pen (enclosure), yard, cemetery, (ni) a suffix to indicate ownership, "the one that has got a pen", "the one with a pen") is a city in the southwest of Bolivia. There is little agriculture in the area because water supplies are scarce and somewhat saline.
Founded in 1890 as a trading post, the town has a population of 10,460 (2012 official estimate). The town has an extensive street-market.
The Salar de Uyuni was not always one of the driest places on earth. It was actually one of the wettest – it used to be a lake. According to local the people of Atlantis lived above the ancient Paleolakes of the Salar in caves. After doing a little research, it seems that there is some backing to Abel’s claim. Some researchers believe that Atlantis was located on the Pampa Auallagas mountain that is located close to the Salar.
It lies at the edge of an extensive plain at an elevation of 3,700 m (12,139 ft) above sea level, with more mountainous country to the east.
This awe inspiring natural wonder was formed after several prehistoric lakes dried up. Salt deposits leached from the surrounding mountains and with outlet to the sea, formed a salt crust over the dry lake bed. This salt crust, which is today metres thick, covers a pool of brine that is exceptionally rich in lithium. It is estimated that 50% of the world’s lithium reserves are in this one area.